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International technology autolamp aluminum film vacuum plasma sputtering coater

Review Article: Tracing the recorded history of thin-film sputter

Thin films, ubiquitous in today's world, have a documented history of more than 5000 years. However, thin-film growth by sputter deposition, which required the development of vacuum pumps and electrical power in the 1600s and the 1700s, is a much more recent phenomenon. First reported in the early 1800s, sputter